The Coming Battle

Digital Currency – The Last Refuge of a Banking Scoundrel?

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In the news over the weekend, we heard the story that Andrew Haldane, the chief economist and executive director for monetary analysis and statistics at the UK’s Bank of England, has tried to run up the flagpole, the prospect of a digital only currency. America too is discussing this.

Now, why would a Banker do this?

What is a Bank? Primarily it stores savings (Capital) for its customers, and loans out this money (well we’ll call it money for now) to businesses and others to finance the development of new products and services, which add value, assist in growth, employ people, and spread prosperity throughout the nation (or currency union).

However, when a country has excess savings, these are liabilities on the bank’s books, and has been touched on several times throughout the time of this blog, these have to be paid back. However, there may be times when there are fewer good opportunities to loan money out for the banks, with huge amounts of money sitting in savings and today is one such time.

The driving force behind this excess savings is demographics. Demographics is the study of populations. The studies look at birth, and death rates, gender etc, and at how those births and deaths impact the society, and the economy. Where we build schools, hospitals, and even infrastructure like industrial parks.

After the second world war, all those returning service personnel got busy making babies. It happened in America and the Pacific region in ’47, it happened in Europe in ’46, as those two major conflagrations came to an end.

Twenty years later in the sixties, those babies, now young adults drove the swinging sixties, and Carnaby Street, the music and fashion scene as they all began doing what young people do. The children of those people reached maturity 20 years later, in the 80s and early 90s, driving Punk music, New-wave and the New Romantics, the “Acid house” scene, and the Brit-pop and Indie scenes of the 90s. This was the shadow boom as you might call it. These children of the baby-boomers are driving the economy now, as they reach their 40s, and lead consumption spending, but soon this too will slow.

Of course the baby-boomers as they are known, those born after WWII, are now frantically saving for their retirements, buying buy-to-let properties, and investing in their pension funds and therein lies the rub. All that capital going into savings has led to several booms; in Technology, in Housing, and since the 2009 credit crunch, the stock-markets in general. But since early 2012, the baby-boomers have been retiring in droves at the rate of circa 8-10,000 people per day, in the U.S. alone, and because of the low interest rates, and the drive to “save the economy” the Central Banks have loaned the people, and their representatives (governments) huge amounts of money.

America has an $18 Trillion public debt. Britain is in an even worse situation (person for person) with a public debt of £1.4 Trillion ($2Trillion+) And those Bankers are now worried that they might not get their money back.

And what IS money? When money was just Gold and Silver, the Bankers got rich, by lending pieces of paper, that were exchangeable for Gold and Silver, that they had mysteriously created out of nothing more than paper and ink. This fractional reserve lending, grew their power, and grew their immense wealth.

The Houses of Rothschild, Morgan, Seif, Rockefeller and others who ran or owned Banks became the powers behind the thrones of more countries than could be imagined.

Digital Currency Drawbacks?

If we can just take our money “out of the banks”, this should force Bank Presidents to be prudent with it, or, as we saw with Northern Rock, we get a run on the Banks. When our money (or rather currency) is just digits on a Bank Balance sheet, we cannot. This means Bankers can fund whatever they want, without worrying about us cutting off their drug supply.

But a purely digital currency has several other drawbacks too.

With a purely digital currency, EVERY transaction will register on a computer somewhere. Tax Authorities will therefore be able to trace every transaction – And TAX it. That tax goes to pay salaries of government employees, but it also pays for those in politics, who may not always disclose where that money goes: Funding Wars overseas, providing incentives and making deals in private rooms under the guise of “National Security”, and it pays off the loans that bankers make to governments – all made possible by greater tax taking.

But a further worry is that the account details of every person will also need to be held somewhere too, making the prospect of 1984 as written about by George Orwell a frightening reality.

The informal economy disappears too.

Tipping a waiter, a Cabbie, a Pizza Delivery boy or even the Bin-man come Xmas time, becomes almost impossible. The loss of these ways of showing appreciation, potentially makes poor service a given, as with no financial incentive to provide excellent service, these people may offer mediocre service at best, or even leave the industry making many restaurants forced to pay higher wages forcing up costs, and thus reducing the number of visits per week, per month or per year. Giving someone a £50 note for a Birthday present, or Xmas present becomes impossible too. Teenagers everywhere will suffer, and grand-parents will actually have to get to know them and find out what their kids actually need – or want – and they may get a few unusual requests or worse…

But, the one big drawback for everyone, is not zero interest, it is negative interest rates. Which means charging you to hold your money. Anyone with savings in an account, or perhaps as the result of a house sale, becomes just another potential donor to a Banker’s lifestyle.

BUT the ultimate issue is one of liberty and trust. A business deal of old, demanded nothing more than the money, and a handshake. This relied on trust of the money, and the person. In a digital world, all trust comes down to is your credit rating, and your government granted identity number. Perhaps ultimately your radio frequency identification (RFID) chip implanted under your skin, so you don’t even need to carry a bank card.

But it also opens up a world of potential to deny you access to things the government thinks you shouldn’t see, or get access to. In effect WE become slaves to government, and the people who pull their strings, instead of government working for us. And that is the most important reason, why it should NEVER be considered the only way to pay.

“Bank paper must be suppressed and the circulation restored to the nation to whom it belongs.
“The power to issue money should be taken from the banks and restored to congress and the people.
“I sincerely believe that banking establishments are more dangerous than standing armies.
“I am not among those who fear the people. They and not the rich, are our dependence for continued freedom. And to preserve their independence, we must not let our rulers load us with perpetual debt.”

Thomas Jefferson – Former President of the U.S. of A.

And in his farewell address to the people, March 3, 1837, President Andrew Jackson solemnly warned the people against the Banker’s power, after the recent financial crisis; as the “Credit Crunch” is still ringing in our ears, it appears VERY apposite

“We are not left to conjecture how the moneyed power, thus organized, and with such a weapon in its hands, would be likely to use it. The distress and alarm which pervaded and agitated the whole country, when the Bank of the United States waged war upon the people in order to compel them to submit to their demands, cannot yet be forgotten.

The ruthless and unsparing temper with which whole cities and communities were oppressed, individuals impoverished and ruined, a scene of cheerful prosperity suddenly changed into one of gloom and despondency, ought to be indelibly impressed on the memory of the people of the United States. If such was its power in a time of peace, what would it not have been in a season of war, with an enemy at your doors.

No nation but the freeman of the United States could have come out victorious from such contest; yet, if you had not conquered, the Government would have passed from the hands of the many to the hands of the few; and this organized money power, from its secret conclave, would have dictated the choice of your highest officers, and compelled you to make peace or war, as best suited their own wishes. The form of your Government might for a time have remained, but its living spirit would have departed from it.”
(Read more at: The Coming Battle 2013 )

And Finally, if the above comes to pass, what will our International trading partners make of a currency, that can be conjured up on a computer by a banker? If China sells us Cars, Computer Equipment, Smart-phones etc, and all they get in return is a ledger entry on a computer, what confidence will they have that those digits will be worth anything, when they decide to spend them, possibly years later. What would you do if you were China?

If we are ever to have international finance based on trust, then there is only one solution – currency must be in the final analysis, backed by precious metals. and those metals represent true value, even if their value may vary from time to time – but Gold is still gold, and Silver is still silver. Platinum, and Palladium too are useful – usable in catalysts, jewelry and other uses. Silver is usable in 10,000 uses and rising, and its value and availability are about to get a whole lot rarer, and a whole lot more expensive as a result.

So if this does come to pass, who is really in charge in the UK? The Government? or its Financiers?

If you want to move your money out of the Bankers’ way? Then Click Here to get started.
PS:
After posting this I discovered a video clip by Max Keiser of the Keiser Report, which mentions the speech by Andy Haldane. Let me know what you think below.


W.

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Global Government – Portent of the Future?

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I’ve been giving quite some thought to events in the political, and financial sphere and Gold and other precious metals markets of late, and trying to figure out what the true goals of the global elite are really upto.

Gold for centuries has been the backing for currencies, and the last time we had a global economic and military crisis, in the period from 1914 to 1946, Gold was eventually taken out of the hands of the American population at the princely sum of $25.00 an ounce by Presidential decree, in executive order 6102 in 1933 – just before it was revalued to $35.00.

Some semblance of order was gained when the Bretton Woods agreement was ratified after 1945. The dollar would be backed by Gold, and exchangeable for Gold and the other world currencies would be fixed to the dollar.

This stood the test of time, until the 1960s when the world’s major economies began growing at different paces, and a war in Vietnam, forced the U.S. to spend more on munitions and men trying to hold back the tide of communism than its economy could comfortably afford.

This led countries such as Spain, France and Britain to exchange some of their foreign U.S. currency reserves for Gold in the Fed’s vaults. The final straw was when Britain told its U.S. ambassador to exchange $3billion for Gold, on 11th August 1971.

Just 4 days later, Richard Milhous Nixon – President, made a direct announcement to the people of America on television, that he was “temporarily” suspending the right to exchange dollars for gold.

The ‘Gold Window’, as it was called has remained firmly shut ever since. The reason? Because they were running out of gold. And we know from our history that – “He who owns the gold, makes the rules.” and the last full audit of the Fed, was conducted… in 1954.

At the time, Gold could be exchanged for $35.00 per troy ounce (ozt) by countries only. Over the ten years after 1971, the Gold price would rise spectacularly as people worried about inflation, which rose to 26.9% in Britain, and 25%+ in America, in 1974, as the world oil price rose, in large part to events in the middle-east, but also the number of dollars being emitted to pay for the oil – until Henry Kissinger had a cunning plan.

So, given the recent events in the middle-east, and the number of dollars that have recently been printed, apparently $4 trillion and counting. Then of course there is the Bank of Japan’s recent pronouncement that it would double down on Quantitative Easing (QE) with its own printing presses, and of course not forgetting the decision to: “Do whatever it takes” by European Central Banker in Chief – Mario Draghi, and of course our own ex Goldman-Sachs executive – Mark Carney – Chief Cashier of the Bank of England has cut the government some slack with its own printing presses, so that the government could spend money it didn’t have, on things we don’t necessarily need.

And the reason they didn’t have the money is because governments, especially socialist government’s have a tendency to bribe the electorate with their own money by making promises, that the tax-payer can’t afford. And then the Bank loans them the currency and expects to be paid back with interest – What is their escape plan?

Eventually, those who pay, end up as wage slaves. As Mr Churchill so famously quoted: “The trouble with Socialism, is, eventually they run out of other people’s money.”

Because, of course, when the nation is paying interest on loans from years ago it has less to spend for the here and now – and in Britain we recently paid off our War Bonds – from 1914… So you can see how long that can have an affect. Central Bankers have a tendency to enslave the population by encouraging governments to spend more than they have, in the full knowledge that they will earn interest for years, possibly decades to come. And there’s nothing like a good war for Banking business.

In business, the owners will frequently look at investments through the eyes of a “Cost-Benefit” analysis, so that they can check – before they spend – whether the investment will reap financial rewards and exceed the investment.

But many governments want to invest in socially desirable investments, where it is difficult – if not impossible – to measure the costs and benefits. Of course politicians want their cut – in the form of salaries too.

Bankers also have a tendency towards centralisation – first on a national level, but increasingly on an International level. In Europe, politicians have still not had accounts signed off for several years, as they give money to their own pet projects.

So to come to the meat of this piece.

Gold has been driven down in the last 3 years since it peaked at circa $1980 in late 2011. So, with Central Banks in Venezuela, Germany, Holland, and now France either requesting their gold back from the Fed, or recommending it to the government, either by politically minded individuals, or opposition leaders; what is the end game? I believe it is simply a “One world government” with the Bankers pulling the strings from behind the curtain.

The Swiss Gold Referendum

Switzerland’s referendum vote on Central Bank Gold, on the Sunday, 30th November, didn’t go as hoped, after the Central Bank began a campaign of fear, and Citibank released a report a couple of days ahead of time, which to be honest, smacked of fear and desperation – On the banker’s part…

http://goldsilverworlds.com/physical-market/the-swiss-referendum-on-gold-whats-missing-from-the-debate/

Despite this, the Gold price held up quite well, after an initial dip.

http://www.mineweb.com/mineweb/content/en/mineweb-independent-viewpoint?oid=241985&sn=Detail

Central Banks’ Love-Hate relationship with gold and Silver.

http://www.mineweb.com/mineweb/content/en/mineweb-editors?oid=261075&sn=Detail

So, why do the Banks have a love-hate relationship with Gold? The Central Banks know that money is power… And remember – “Gold is money – All else is merely credit.” – so said, John Pierpoint Morgan, of J.P. Morgan-Chase Bank fame, and if you have been following this blog for a while now, you will know from my many posts, that ultimately we are owned by bankers, and the main protagonist of these bankers is the Federal Reserve. So their objective appears to be to get Gold out of the hands of the people, because that allows the person freedom, and liberty to do as they see fit – as long as they do no harm, nor cause any loss to others. And if you read anything from Ted Butler, you’ll know he thinks the same. Since the beginning of U.S. independence, the constitution has been chipped away at, leaving it a shadow of its original intent. The constitution says that only Gold or Silver can legally be money, yet by sleight of hand, the Bankers have removed every last vestage of real money from the American People, and when they control the money, they are the rulers.

I’ll leave you this video clip which demonstrates this, and is perhaps instructive of where the world is going.

So, if we return to the main reason for this blog, it is to encourage the reader to become an independent thinking human being, responsible for your own actions and have the freedom, and liberty that you were born with, but your parents gave up so shortly thereafter. But you can take some of it back…

Remember:

“He who owns the gold, makes the rules.” Of course, you can buy Gold with silver, or crypto-currency (or some of the paper that they print for you to use.) And at the moment Silver is on sale. As I was writing this, the price of Gold is $1198.10. Silver is at $16.41. So, Silver is therefore 1/73rd as cheap as Gold, though throughout most of recorded history, it was a lot more expensive – it was about 1/15th or 1/16th the price of gold, and sometime in the future, it will be circa 1/10th.

So if you buy 73 ounces of silver at the moment, for the same money you could buy 1 ounce of Gold. But if you wait a while, and silver rises to the price I expect, then your 73 ounces of silver will likely buy between 3-8 ounces of Gold and one day, I expect to be able to buy a house, for circa 30-40 ounces of Gold.

So, are you going to get some now?

You can start your savings: HERE!

And you can get started with crypto-currencies HERE!

So, what is the ultimate goal that I spoke of at the start of this piece?

I believe that the Bankers are using arbitrage – buying something cheap in one place, to sell it elsewhere where it is more expensive (more highly valued) to send Gold and Silver overseas, as the flow of wealth heads East, these Bankers (I believe) intend to establish themselves where the next world hegemon will likely be, in China, just as these Bankers left the shores of England and Europe to go to America when they realised that England was becoming a spent force.

http://kingworldnews.com/chinas-plan-dominate-world-crush-united-states/

And who will be pulling the strings? – That’s right – He who owns the Gold.

You can read more about how these Bankers came to rule the world: Here!

If you like this piece, then please post it to your favourite blog, like it or tweet it.

World War 3.0? The End?

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An important anniversary slipped quietly by last month without any fanfare, on August 15th, as the anniversary of the day, that President Richard M Nixon, closed the Gold Window, and put the world on the path to financial armageddon.

From that day to this, the U.S. has essentially been able to print up as many dollars as it felt it needed to pay for things it wanted, and forced the rest of the world to accept “funny money” – aka. – Fiat Currency.

The fact that they were able to strengthen the dollar in 1973, temporarily when it convinced Saudi-Arabian leadership to accept an offer it could hardly refuse is still highly relevant…

America would back the House of Saud, with the full military might of its national forces, and the Kingdom of Saudi-Arabia (KSA), would accept only U.S. dollars for its oil, forcing dozens of other countries to trade for dollars, to pay for that oil, and the KSA, would re-invest those surplus dollars in Treasury Bills. Eventually the rest of OPEC would be forced to follow suit or commit commercial suicide.

Over the last 9 months, events in the precious metals markets and geo-political and economic circles, world-wide have been making headlines.

As geo-political tensions rise around the world, I wonder out aloud what is the end game. To learn where we are going, it’s important to know where we’ve been, and we have to look back 40+ years.

If we look at the ageing baby-boomers who are retiring in droves here in the west, (Of which I am one) and as our spending patterns change, we need to understand why this has such a big impact on economies.

In my experience, young people spend their money on a handful of things – Music, Fashion, Booze, travel and generally having fun, primarily in their pursuit of their partner in life – irrespective of their sexual proclivities.

As these people mature, they buy a bike/car, and their first flat or small starter home, and all the essentials of normal urban life – beds, tables, chairs, sofas, kitchen gadgets etc.

Then as they pair and begin to settle down, their partner now safely esconced in their home, perhaps 5 years have passed, and two incomes in one household means for a while they can experience a rise in social status and maybe buy a bigger home or have more expensive holidays. (though things are a little different in recent years as gap year students take the young to the far-flung corners of the globe.)

With women now making up more than half the working population in the west, women are now leaving “bonding” later, and perhaps seeking someone who meets and exceeds their expectations, and thus probably for professional women (i.e. those with degrees and/or professional qualifications) they’re leaving the having of children until they are in their early 30s, or as late as early 40s causing problems for over-stretched maternity departments, and over-stretched National Health Services, as increased age introduces greater risks and higher costs.

By their mid-thirties, people are climbing the corporate ladder, getting increases in pay, generally as their productivity rises in line with their experience.

Output on a national scale rises but this is only temporary unless higher investment in capital goods (new vehicles/machinery etc., that gets goods to market quicker, and/or cheaper) increases productivity further, these gains are not carried through indefinitely though. This is where political mistakes are made, as politicians think that the growth will continue.

As people hit their forties and early fifties, their willingness to learn unless pushed, seems diminished as they become experts in their field, just at the time newer technologies are adopted by the young first.

By the time people hit their mid 50s and early 60s, their abilities are beginning to decline; health issues begin to rise on average and national governments see a fall off in taxes, as some retire early, or die young – though the demands on their national budgets increase as improvements in health-care put additional burdens on national budgets.

Intermittent overseas wars also add to these burdens as those apparently with historical empires adopt the role of world policemen.

This adds further financial burdens on countries, and leads to overspending to maintain prestige, or to appease emotional electorates, or to maintain their leadership role, allowing those with more quiescent military to improve and begin spending in increasing amounts.

This was the nature of things in the west when Britain began losing its pre-eminence, and the U.S. took up the political and economic cudgels.

As a result, we now see the extent to which Britain, and America have over-spent in recent years, as the U.S. deficit grows to 105% of national income, and its budgets become overstretched as its military tentacles have extended now to over 145 countries.

The role of World policeman is an onerous one, and like all great empires this eventually causes a collapse at home, due to excessive spending as tribute (the term used by the Romans to refer to taxes) begins to lessen.

As demographics affects all economies, those with rising populations have greatest demand for housing, food, water and the other essentials of life, and when economics fails to meet those requirements, people look for scapegoats. Those with the most usually get the most scrutiny and criticism.

But to get back to the title of this piece, where will this ultimately lead us?

As Vladimir Putin, and Xi Jinping, grow their economies, and grow increasingly wary of U.S. dollar hegemony their actions have consequences for all of us.

China has in recent years agreed bi-lateral trade deals with a rising number of countries to reduce the dollar from its trading, and China in particular has used its excess dollar reserves to buy increasing amounts of Gold and Silver, and overseas resource assets with precious metals and other precious resources for its industries.

Russia too has sought to lessen its dependence on dollars, and the BRICS Development Bank recently announced, will wean these emerging economies off the dollar as the $100billion in Capital gets used to help out economies in difficulties. Will some of this capital be used to buy Precious Metals? It would appear so, as China now trades more Silver in physical metal form, than the COMEX, the former leader in precious metals derivatives trading.

This will ultimately lead to a dollar collapse, and like a wounded animal, this may lead to the U.S. lashing out to protect its interests, as it has been in the middle-east and in Ukraine, where fights to protect access to middle-eastern oil, paid for with dollars, and for access to Ukrainian agricultural land are being waged by proxy military. But the collapse of the dollar unless mitigated by the increasing energy production, may cause the whole world economic woes, or worse.

This involvement in the middle-east has caused many of the problems as those with a different view of the world seek to eliminate western ideologies from their countries. These skirmishes though, may grow to encompass those other major economies – China and Russia.

James Dines, the economic mind behind the Dines Letter and Dr Paul Craig Roberts former adviser to Ronald Reagan, also thinks that we are on the verge of a major conflagration and James Rickards a CIA adviser on financial matters, in a recent interview claims the U.S. is staring down the barrel of an economic gun.

(See: KingworldNews.com)

But also in January 2014, the United States government entered into a deferred prosecution agreement with JPMorgan Chase which is the biggest bank in the United States and one of if not THE biggest banks in the world giving those who have benefitted most from the financial mess the U.S. has gotten itself into essentially a free pass.

The recent prosecutions of Financial Institutions has resulted in fines being paid, and JPM – probably the biggest offender, has paid approximately $29 billion in fines – yet not one senior banker has done any jail time.

When Janet Yellen begins the next round of Quantitative Easing (which might be called something else) all hell will break loose in the precious metals markets.

Buying Silver… Why NOW?

The reasons are not so obvious.

Silver is collectively, a monetary metal, an investment vehicle, and an industrial material.

Silver’s role in international finance has been prominent over several millennia, as this shiniest of metals was used in Roman currency, and only when Emperors devalued the money by reducing the silver content of coins, did they suffer the wrath of the people. (See: The Coming Battle – 2013)

Industrially, silver is the most widely used commodity on the planet, reputedly used in 10,000 applications and rising. Second only to oil in importance, but its price has been walked lower for decades, as silver was first taken from its pre-eminent role in both American and Chinese money with its removal from the dollar, to junior partner, to minimalist role, and finally in 1964 to negligible role as U.S. currency removed the last remnants of the metal from American currency.

Is it significant, that just 7 years later, on August 15th 1971, the last vestige of precious metals, was removed from the American financial system?

If the death of President Kennedy, and Louise Auchincloss Boyer are anything to go by, I think so.

But silver’s western denouement, means that the East has been able to accumulate this most precious of precious industrial commodities at prices unlikely to be seen again, after this financial collapse begins in earnest.

Silver historically was bought in ratios circa 16:1, compared to gold. We see evidence of this still all around us – 16 ounces to the pound, in the U.S. – 16 fluid ounces to the Pint and this ratio has varied in recent years as silver’s role in monetary matters has been slowly extracted, but its time will come again – it always does…

And with the current Silver/Gold ratio of circa 65:1 when it does go up, because it currently comes from the earth at circa a 9:1 ratio, then its rise will be meteoric.

And if that wasn’t reason enough to be accumulating…

These links should help you make up your mind…

http://blog.milesfranklin.com/dont-be-surprised-if-silver-is-the-target

http://www.caseyresearch.com/articles/top-7-reasons-im-buying-silver-now-1

And this page shows you were you can STILL buy silver coins and bars at VAT free prices, and have them discreetly shipped to your door.

www.libertysilver.eu

And you can get further news on these matters at:

http://kingworldnews.com/

 

W.

The Coming Battle

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As events in Ukraine spiral out of control, it is possible that in the absence of a thawing of relations between Russia and the U.S., over the Ukraine, a new cold war could be about to emerge.

Particularly as the Ukraine, gets its gas from Russia, and currently owes the Russian Gas Giant – Gazprom over $2.2 BILLION in unpaid bills.

However, all this turbulence in eastern Ukraine, with Russian defenders of their cultural identity, that have stormed Local and Regional government offices, will possibly force Putin’s hand to defend these ethnic Russians which could draw in western forces to defend its supported government in the west of Ukraine.

For Ukraine whose currency has depreciated in value by 27%, since the troubles began, this could spell disaster for the country and its people. The gas bought from Russia was purchased at the highly advantageous gas prices that Gazprom gave to former CIS/Soviet states.

As Gazprom increased its prices to above market rates to Ukraine, to reflect the risk of failure to pay, and to recoup lost income, it is obvious that naturally Ukraine would be upset. Wouldn’t anyone if their energy bill went up 300%? And this has implications for Ukrainian industry, already not as well developed or efficient as their western counterparts.

Aleksey Miller – CEO of Gazprom, Russia’s biggest energy supplier, which in different circumstances would be a huge investment opportunity, suggested that Russia should abandon the Dollar and use the Euro for the international sale of GAS.

Even Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the IMF, weighed in on the subject of Ukraine, by admitting in an interview on 2nd April, that the problems in Ukraine could affect the global economy.

Of course the Soviet state, went through its own internal challenges in the late 80s, as the commodities prices fell.  Russian tanks and soldiers were embroiled in Afghanistan, and the Soviets spent more than they earned,  the end result was the end of the Soviet Empire.

Are there parallels today for the U.S. empire? I suspect so – only their printing press has saved them. But will Chinese Gold cause the U.S. empire to collapse? We shall see…

As American and other nation’s troops are stationed in the Far East to – as Hilary Clinton put it – pivot Washington to the Far East, which drew the statement from a senior Chinese military figure, that “Chinese containment” was not possible.

As the raw materials of life have become more important, both Russia and China have used different strategies to achieve similar results.

Russia and the Global Metals Supply Chain

Both Russia and China have large land-masses, and the potential for commodities production. Russia is an important commodities giant. and Russian output is critical to the global supply chain for many items.

Russia is a major producer and exporter of oil, natural gas, ores, refined metals and industrial minerals. According to a recent analysis by the British firm Roskill, the extractive, energy and chemical sectors are vital to the Russian economy and accounted for an estimated 80% of Russian export revenues in 2013.

It’s important to recognise though, that Russia’s commodities are important on several levels. Russia is more than a major producer and exporter of energy and materials; Russia is an important player within Western supply and product chains. So, targeting Russian companies has the potential to provide blow back on Western businesses and economies.

For example: Nickel is much more than a 5 cent piece in people’s pockets. Nickel is critical to manufacturing stainless steel and a lot more. Nickel prices have pulled back in recent years as supplies have had to adapt to lower global demand, but picked up in recent weeks as commodites prices turned around, and Indonesia, imposed restrictions on exporting raw ore.

One of Russia’s big players, Norilsk Nickel, extracts ore in Russia but refines its product in Finland. Overall, Russia is the world’s second-largest producer of nickel, after China. But since China consumes most of its nickel domestically, this leaves Russia as the world’s key “swing” supplier. In 2013, Russia accounted for 26% of global nickel cathode exports, or around 13% of total world consumption of nickel. Without Russian nickel, the world’s steel industry would be quickly disrupted and prices on international markets would rise, possibly steeply.

Cobalt: Although Cobalt is found in many African countries, Russia is an important supplier. Cobalt, is used in steel and alloys increasingly with military applications as it is used to harden steel based alloys for armour piercing shells, and military vehicles as armour re-inforcement.

Russia accounts for about 6% of global mine output of ore and 3% of global refined output. Most Russian cobalt production is related to Norilsk operations in Finland, where cobalt comes out of nickel production. At 6% and 3%, as noted, Russian cobalt numbers are relatively low overall, but the point is that if Western sanctions somehow choke off Norilsk operations in Finland, we’ll see the impact on global availability of refined cobalt which would only add to military hardware costs.

Vanadium: Russia is the world’s third-largest producer of vanadium – providing about 10% of the world’s supply. Vanadium is critical to hardening steel and other alloys and is a key element for the future of utility-scale storage batteries. If vanadium supply takes a hit, all manner of metal and energy projects could be disrupted. Though a small miner – American Vanadium – is about to commence mining operations in the U.S..

Tungsten: Russia is the world’s second-largest producer of tungsten (behind China) and accounted for about 6% of global supply in 2013. Don’t be fooled by that low raw number, though, because about 70% of global tungsten is a Chinese play. So that Russian 6% “global” statistic is really about 20% of what’s available to the world outside of China. Tungsten is critical to building machine tools as well as manufacturing drill bits. In essence, tungsten is used for requirements that call for hard, dense metals with high melting points. Europe is a major tungsten importer from Russia, and much European industry will have to scramble to make up for any loss due to sanctions.

Titanium: Russia is a large supplier of aerospace-grade titanium to both the U.S. and Europe, accounting for about 12% of imports. Two important buyers are Boeing and Airbus, whose operations could be slowed by lack of titanium supply, certainly in the short term. I’m guessing you can see a trend here?

Rare Earth metals may also be included in this list of essential resources that modern economies cannot do without and that are sourced, at least in part in the former Soviet Empire.

Will Russia Look More to the East?

I could go on with other energy and materials that come out of Russia, but you get the point. Western politicians may feel like they have to “do something” about Russia annexing Crimea. but they have to be careful to not bite the hand that feeds them.

For our purposes, on the investment front, one potential result of Western sanctions will be to give Russian leadership even more incentive to look east, toward Chinese markets. China is a major consumer of many raw materials and refined products and would likely be able to buy and use Russian materials that no longer move west.

Different commodities will move in different ways, of course; some more than others…

Is China’s growth story about to unravel?

David Stockman writer for the Daily Reckoning, says: China is in the greatest construction boom and credit bubble in recorded history. An entire nation of 1.4 billion has gone mad building, borrowing, speculating, scheming, cheating, lying and stealing.

The source of this demented outbreak is not a flaw in Chinese culture or character – nor even the kind of raw greed and gluttony that afflicts all peoples in the late stages of a financial bubble.

Instead, the cause is a kind of monetary madness with an oriental face. Chairman Mao was not entirely mistaken when he proclaimed that political power flows from the end of a gun barrel – he did subjugate a nation of one billion people based on that principle. But it was Deng Xiao Ping’s discovery that saved Mao’s tyrannical communist party regime from the calamity of his foolish post-revolution economic experiments.

Just in the nick of time, as China reeled from the Great Leap Forward, the famine death of 40-60 million people – depending on whose figures you use, and the mass psychosis of the Cultural Revolution, Mr. Deng learned that power could be maintained and extended from the end of a printing press – just as Western Bankers did 200+ years ago.  And that’s the heart of the so-called Chinese economic miracle. Its not about capitalism with a red accent, as the Wall Street and London gamblers have been braying for nearly two decades; its a monumental case of monetary and credit inflation that has no parallel.

Will Hutton who wrote “The Writing on the Wall.” (an ironic play on the Great Wall of China) suggested back in 2007, that the mixture of capitalism and political direction, would eventually lead to a collapse in China’s economy, when investments, and prices were centrally controlled, because the market mechanism of the free flow of information in markets – the price signal – and “Contract Law” is a requirement for all modern capitalist economies to function properly.

Perhaps our own politicians and Bankers would do well to remember that too, as they force Bullion Banks into manipulating currency prices by manipulation of interest rates, and precious metals prices, but I digress.

At the turn of the millennium, credit market debt outstanding in the US was about $27 trillion, and they’ve hardly been slouches in attempting to borrow their way to prosperity. Total credit market debt is now $59 trillion; so America has been burying itself in debt at nearly a 7% annual rate.

But America has been out-banked – to coin a phrase.  In 2000, China had about $1 trillion of credit market debt outstanding, but after a blistering pace of “borrow and build” for 14 years it now carries nearly $25 trillion. BUT, this stupendous 25X growth of debt occurred in the context of an economic system designed and run by elderly party apparatchiks who learned their economics, when Chairman Mao was still alive. That said, the country sent highly educated senior communist figures around the world to study other cultures, and political and economic systems, so it is possible they have learned something since then.

However, it is probable, that there is no legitimate banking system in China – just giant state banking bureaucracies which are run by party operatives and a modus operandi of parcelling out quotas for national credit growth from the top, and then water-falling them down a vast chain of command to the counties, townships and villages.

There have never been any legitimate financial prices in China – all interest rates and Foreign Exchange rates have been pegged and regulated to the decimal point; nor has there ever been any honest accounting either – loans have been perpetual options to extend and pretend. Even the Yuan was pegged to the dollar at 8 to the dollar, until an agreement to enter the World Trade Agreement meant they had to freely float their currency by 2015, and China  has allowed the Yuan to strengthen to circa RMB6.5:$1 – and is also behind their drive to collect as much gold as they can.

However, in two short decades, China has erected a monumental Ponzi economy that is economically rotten to the core. And, needless to say, there is no system of financial discipline based on contract law. China’s GDP has grown by $10 trillion dollars during this century alone — that is, there has been a boom across the land that makes the California gold rush appear pastoral by comparison. Yet in all that frenzied prospecting there have been almost no mistakes, busted camps, empty pans or even personal bankruptcies. When something has occasionally gone wrong with an “investment” the prospectors have gathered in noisy crowds on the streets and pounded their pans for relief – a courtesy that the regime has invariably granted.

Since 2000 China has 1.5 billion tons of steel capacity, but “sell-through” demand of less than half that amount and, on-going demand for sheet steel to go into cars and appliances and rebar into replacement construction meaning the other half is produced merely to go into surplus storage – once the current pyramid building binge finally expires.

The same is true for its cement industry, ship-building, solar and aluminum industries – to say nothing of 70 million empty luxury apartments and vast stretches of over-built highways, fast rail, airports, shopping malls and new cities.

Will this ultimately lead to a price and economic collapse? Probably, but WHEN?

In short, the flip-side of the China’s giant credit bubble is the most massive malinvestment of real economic resources – labor, raw materials and capital goods – ever known.

Effectively, the country-side pig sties have been piled high with copper inventories and the urban neighborhoods with glass, cement and steel erections that can’t possibly earn an economic return, but all of which has become “collateral” for even more “loans” under the Chinese Pyramid scheme.

China has been on a wild tear heading straight for the economic edge of the planet – that is, monetary “Terrain Unknown” – based on the circular principle of borrowing, building and borrowing. In essence, it is a giant re-hypothecation scheme where every man’s “debt” become the next man’s “asset”.

Thus, local government’s have meager incomes, but vastly bloated debts based on stupendously over-valued inventories of land. Coal mine entrepreneurs face collapsing prices and revenues, but soaring double digit interest rates on shadow banking loans collateralized by over-valued coal reserves.  Shipyards have empty order books, but vast debts collateralized by soon to be idle construction bays. Speculators have collateralized massive stockpiles of copper and iron ore at prices that are already becoming ancient history.

Is this factored into China’s Plans for Empire, so that if – IF – a third world war begins, most of the materials will already have been purchased and produced, and once their currency is re-flated due to their large Gold holdings, they can buy what they need with the world’s strongest currency?

So China is on the cusp of the greatest margin call in history? Or the precipice of the biggest long term plan for global domination the world has ever seen?

Only the Chinese political class know the answer to that one.

But a Chinese market collapse would seriously affect all the world’s economies, and the Chinese have the biggest savings on the planet.

Cracks began showing in this edifice when a bank run began at Jiangsu Sheyang Rural Commerce Bank last month, as worried citizens clamoured for their money when a withdrawal for RMB200,000 (about $32,000) was refused at the Sheyang branch.

This was on the heels of the failure of several shadow banking institutions whereby several rural co-operatives and Farmer’s Credit Unions failed in recent months.

However, once asset values starting falling, these pyramids of debt will stand exposed to withering performance failures and melt-downs. Undoubtedly the regime will struggle to keep its printing press prosperity alive for another month or quarter, but the fractures are now gathering everywhere because the credit rampage has been too extreme and hideous. Maybe Zhejiang Xingrun Real Estate which went belly up last week was the final catalyst, but if not, there are thousands more to come. Like Mao’s gun barrel, the printing press has a “sell by” date, too.

Worryingly, a Chinese man was arrested for spreading rumours/information about these financial problems.

Of the more than US$562 million (RMB3.5 billion) that it owed to debtors, US$112 million was borrowed from 98 private parties with annual interest rates of up to 36%, according to recent revelations from Chinese media. Under that kind of pressure, the only surprise is that the default didn’t happen sooner. The company struggled to find capital for years; the chairman is suspected of borrowing up to US$38.6 million with “fake mortgages.”

But before Xingrun gets branded as China’s worst small, private homebuilder, it’s important to understand how it ended up in the mess in the first place, and what specific factors brought the operation down, or at least to the brink of collapse (local government officials insist it hasn’t officially defaulted yet).

Xingrun’s business in Fenghua, a county-level city that is part of Ningbo in a manufacturing belt on China’s east coast, ran into trouble through a renovation project starting in 2007, Chinese media pointed out. The company attempted, after securing government support and taking over for another distressed local property company, to build high-rise apartment blocks in a village called Changting. The project required the company to build homes for the original residents before the existing village could be torn down and the new buildings built. Construction was slated to start in the first half of 2012. Xingrun projected that it could pay off its debts within three years.

The project never got to the construction phase. In fact, the small village homes are still standing. Xingrun built the replacement homes for the villagers but there’s no sign of its main housing product, high-rises. Nothing has happened because the residents of the village have tangled the project and the company in a lawsuit that has stretched for years.

High risk is something no one seems willing to stomach these days – in stark contrast to just a year ago. That explains why Xingrun was unable to pay back its loans. But why has it come so close to keeling over now? Its troubles with the Changting project persisted for years but the company simply rolled over loans and borrowed at high rates from private lenders.

One problem for capital-strapped developers in the Ningbo area is that private lenders no longer want to lend to highly risky companies. In fact, they are calling in their loans. This is just one of the problems afflicting Xingrun. The value of property in some areas of Fenghua is decreasing and that trend has lowered confidence in developers’ ability to pay dizzyingly high interest rates.

Banks aren’t hot on lending to this kind of developer either. In the past, a developer such as Xingrun could ask the local branch of a commercial bank for more credit. The local branch would take that risk because loan officers there knew that, somewhere much higher up the chain, officials promoted the lending.

That support exists no longer. Now, when small developers beg local banks for credit, they will likely be turned away. Local bank managers are reportedly being told that they may lend to risky borrowers if they wish, but they will be held accountable.

High risk is something no one seems willing to stomach these days – in stark contrast to just a year ago.

Fenghua is a small town, and Xingrun’s reach beyond that area is limited. Analysts have come out strong in saying that such a default has little systemic risk. The bigger picture in the region, however, can’t be ignored.

Xingrun’s woes are still the woes of the local authorities. The default will add US$305 million (RMB1.9 billion) to Fenghua province’s non-performing loan portfolio, pushing up the rate of toxic assets to 5.27% and making it Zhejiang province’s most indebted government, according to calculations by The Economic Observer newspaper.

Add Fenghua’s problems to those of the The greater Ningbo Liberty Silver region. The area reportedly has at least six years of housing stock either sitting empty or under construction. The massive buildout will put small developers under great pressure to pay back loans, especially if private debtors are calling in high-interest loans. A slowdown in property prices won’t help either. Without a rescue from provincial-level banks, Fenghua won’t be the last local government stuck in a jam.

So what is The Coming Battle?

It will be between depositors (the people) and the Bankers when the next economic collapse occurs – far sooner than most people think.  Crypto-Currencies, do not rely on Banks to transfer value between individuals, or between people and businesses, and will increasingly mean the Banks wield less power over the economy, and the state, but this means that many governments will want to outlaw them. However, if you feel you want to find out a little more on the subject at Review Outlaw.

And, you can get some free currency – HERE.

Of course if you have spare capital, putting some of it into precious metals with no counter party risk – that is – hold in your hands metal… would be considered sound advice, and if you want to know where you can buy these wonderful metals – try HERE.

W.

Addendum: 12 April 2014

Since this piece was researched and written, the PBoC (People’s Bank of China) has agreed to provide RMB1,000,000,000,000 (1 Trillion – Renminbi/Yuan) about $153 Billion to provide increased infrastructure in rural communities, improving roads, agriculture and local amenities. So the end speculated on, won’t be happening soon; but someday the spending has to stop. (or not rise quite as much) to rein in inflation, which will probably now happen circa 2018-20.

The west too will probably make one last attempt to stave off the inevitable collapse, resulting in the final outburst of inflation. Bankers will be held to account by the people, and the result will not be pretty.

And the final analysis, will compare Precious Metals with the number of Dollars, Yen, Yuan, Pounds, and Euros in circulation.

Silver which is my favourite precious metal, is so oversold as to be the best buying opportunity for anyone with money to invest, and time to wait.

The above chart tells its own story. The MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence) shows when we can expect a turn in prices. When it’s high, the price turns down, and when it is low, the price turns up… You have been shown the future.

The below film, tells of  The Coming Battle.

And here’s more evidence of what’s likely to follow.

http://www.caseyresearch.com/meltdown

 “There are none so blind,

as those who will not see.”

What do YOU see?

Crisis? What crisis?

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Housing Crisis? What crisis?

To paraphrase Mrs Thatcher in one of her parliamentary exchanges in the early years of her premiership, many people feel that there is a housing crisis in Britain.

Of course rising prices generally are indicators of increasing demand – at least that is the classical theory of economics that says that in the normal case, rising demand for a good (a product or a service) will initially lead to higher prices, the rising prices will in the normal course of events lead to rising profits, and rising profits will encourage entrants into the industry, or existing providers to produce more, which should over time lower prices. The invisible hand of the market, as Adam Smith – author of  “The Wealth of Nations” might have put it.

The problem with this view is of course the historical view by many that house prices can only rise over time. Perhaps that is true in most time periods, but that demand will be driven by population movement into and out of localities, and age and income demographics.  As people age, their needs for housing change, and there are times such as recently, when house prices fall, despite increasing demand from a demographic point of view, because of a lack of available finance.

The rise in UK population over the last 30 years has taken population from circa 56 million in the mid nineteen-eighties, to 62 million recently. Of course the changes to EU legislation allowing continent wide migration will inevitably cause problems for governments in the whole of Europe, but especially those countries that have a booming economy.

When people move to a country, the net effect is to increase demand for goods and services, and this stimulates further economic growth, which further encourages migration – it becomes like a fast breeder reactor, feeding on itself, causing house price rises, particularly in population dense countries like Britain.

The resulting crisis is almost inevitable,  booms in lending, and rising house prices, with a bust following in direct proportion to the size of the previous boom.

For the Banks, protected by the underwriting of their loan book, by governments keen not to have the economy collapse on their watch, it is Nirvana.  Over decades the banking sector then grows in importance to the point where we are today.  If you are a bank and you have two people competing for financial resources: One a mortgagee who has a rising asset like a house, and the other a new entrepreneur, who has more than an eighty per-cent chance of folding in the first five years of business – which would you choose?

But the banker’s logic must be tempered by the nation’s need for a robust economy.  Is therefore, legislation the answer? Or should the market be the only arbiter?

The Banks need for profits to meet increasing profit demands by shareholders, must be also tempered by the wider economy’s needs, and politicians who are keen to attempt to meet their voter’s understandable concerns, need to fully appreciate the effect of their legislative actions.

Of course, for the international investor, Britain’s historical legal system, political stability, strong economy and thus the currency, and the widely held view of Britain being a fair and tolerant multi-cultural society – especially in London, make buying property here an investor’s dream – especially at the upper end of the price range.

But pity the modest retail worker, the local street-sweeper, council clerical worker, or market-stall holder… Where do they live, when property and land prices get driven up to unprecedented levels as a result of such speculation? And how does this speculation not increase the start up costs of new businesses fighting for a foothold? Or their operation costs  making them internationally uncompetetive?

And what happens when the money spigot gets turned off, or even down a little, as the Fed’s taper programme begins to take effect, raising interest rates and slowing house price inflation, or worse?

Those naïve ordinary men and women who have been encouraged to buy a new home on the back of a finance scheme, which the government must surely knows will drive up property prices – the taxpayer money backed “Help to Buy” scheme, will suffer the most when the inevitable bust happens, as I believe is coming within the next few years.

As China now struggles with asset bubbles,  and unrest grows around the world as inflation particularly in the basics, leads those on modest incomes into penury,  the world economy teeters on the edge of a financial precipice, and when we fall off it, as we inevitably must, the financial calamity will be a lot wider, and deeper than many anticipate, and governments around the world may lurch into military conflicts as they strive to stop their own economy from spiralling downwards.

Just the conditions that led us into global conflict a hundred years ago, as those who seek power, point the finger of blame at one country, culture or social class.

As this unfolds, those with the only asset class that is not simultaneously a liability of someone else, will have the best insurance.  And the name of this asset? Gold. (& by inference – silver).

And if you haven’t got the message yet?

Click Here! Especially as the last seven months have seen both Gold and silver rise from their interim lows. Silver bottoming out at $18.52/oz, and now just over $21, giving those brave ones who bought an already nice profit of circa 20%.  And Gold, rising from its lows of below $1200, to the current $1320 area.

And for those who take the time to study the price action  in the 1970s, this is quite likely the shape of things to come over the next five years. (See image below) And if you want to read more of how we arrived here, the free e-book – “The Coming Battle” is still available.

Gold-Price, The charts never lie...
Look at the price action between 1968-1976, and compare it with the price between 2001 and today? Then look forward five years to 1980…

The Global Tug of War

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I’ve heard it said by some, that there is a “Tug of War” being waged between the forces of Deflation and Inflation.

The Federal Reserve is attempting to create just a little inflation with its political goal of 2% inflation. This halves the value of your money over 36 years by the way – under the “Rule of 72”, which states that the number 72, divided by the interest rate (or inflation rate) is the number of time periods that your money will halve, or double – assuming you are on the receiving end of the deal.

The West’s demographic time-bomb, which got a mention in last night’s television programme on the rise in the number of benefits recipients was a case in point – and which includes amongst others – Peter Stringfellow, who has returned his winter fuel allowance to the chancellor with a note to say he doesn’t need it, for the last 3 years.

The end of the second world war in 1945 in Europe, saw the west’s population embark on the emotional equivalent of a spending spree, and all those returning husbands, boyfriends, fathers, and brothers – relieved at having survived, set about creating the “Baby-Boom” generation. (of which I am a member)

In America over a 15 year period, 75 million new citizens joined the population of America, and a further 8 million joined them from around the world, but mostly from the Hispanic community.  That bubble in births, has been the driving force behind much of the economic success and malaise of the last 65 years.

The first of those baby-boomers began retiring  as long ago as 2003 – 2007, as some of the better off ones could, and were buying property to rent out as a way of funding their retirements, of course, given the ages of their offspring, who were at the time also setting up single family homes to raise their impending brood, the price of housing went through the roof.  Of course this was all made a little easier than perhaps it should by the lax lending policies of several countries, as the banking sector gave the population the rope with which to hang themselves.

This also happened to almost coincide with the wild spending spree that business of the late nineties was forced to make, as the world’s computer systems had to be replaced en-masse as the end of the millennium approached.

At the time, I was an I.T. Consultant, advising companies on their computer hardware and software needs, but I also spent time as a software engineer, writing the code, that would allow the storage of a full date with a four digit year, which needed 32 bits of data to encompass, and allow calculations with.

As the computers in use the world over had to be replaced with 32-bit hardware, 32-bit operating systems, 32-bit applications and 32-bit databases, particularly for financial applications where accuracy was paramount, especially for debts and credits on Bank ledgers and on Insurance Industry policy statements.

This immovable deadline, forced the biggest boom in tech-spending the world has ever seen, created a boom in tech company profits, produced a boom in tech-wages, and in the financial world’s profit centres of New York, London, Berlin, Paris, Frankfurt, Singapore, Hong-Kong, Tokyo and other major centres of finance, drove up property prices as these newly rich technical staff competed for the limited supply of housing, with the financial industry stalwarts of the previous 25years.

The housing boom rippled out into the wider economy, pushing up house prices elsewhere too, like the spreading rings of a pebble thrown into a pond, as the waves spread out around the original “Bloop”, of the stone…

Of course it was inevitable that come January 1st 2000, the bulk of the spending would have already been done, and the hangover would start – apart from a few companies whose systems needed further remedial work. By March 2000, the numbers on the corporate profit and loss and balance sheets of these tech giants revealed the truth – the splurge was over, and the Nasdaq collapsed.

The baby-boomers didn’t just happen in Europe, and America though. Because the whole of the world was involved one way or another in the worldwide conflagration, the relief felt the world over led to similar expressions of relief, and China, and the surrounding east did likewise.

Japanese Woes

Japan was perhaps different. Perhaps because they were isolated from the world their baby boom was ten to twenty years in advance of the rest of the world, as they had their baby-boom during the 1920s, as America expanded in the Pacific Ocean region, and new trade began as the cities of San-Francisco, Seattle, Los Angeles, and the others of the West Coast of America traded with their Asian and Australasian peers. Japan now has the highest average age population in the whole world, with 25% of its citizens either in, or close to retirement.

The earthquake of 1906 off-shore San-Francisco which almost totally demolished the city, led to a rapid housing boom, with this influx of new capital, from Insurance companies, which caused the financial problems of the era, but also led to a boom in Asia, as trade rose to rebuild the stricken city.

This leads me to the meat and drink of this post.

Deflation Rules. Ok?

The current forces of deflation are largely being caused by the baby-boomers saving for their retirements.  This huge pool of accumulating wealth, drove down interest rates, gave Gordon Brown, Barack Obama and others the opportunity to tax these pensions, drove up the prices of equities to previously “overbought” territory, and has led largely to the problems of the last 15 years.

As the amount of accumulated wealth was parked in Pension funds, Insurance Savings, Exchange Traded Funds, and other products the Banks were able to take these huge sources of funds to lend to Governments, and Corporations who assumed this money tap, was never going to be turned off, and governments spent with gay abandon as might have been said a few decades ago.

Of course, the public sector managed to grow because the taxes generated during this heady period, came at a time when the private sector was having to compete with the newly emerging manufacturing nations, and as a result were forced to become efficient by exponential degrees.

The public sector, which went largely unscathed during this period, now needs to be reined in, as the tax base shrinks, and that has led governments to reach for money from central banks.  Of course the Central Bank of America – The Federal Reserve – was set up after the 1908 financial crisis, which had partly been caused by the San-Francisco earthquake, mentioned previously, but also because of the growth of the Banks and their power to control the supply of money through fractional reserve lending practices.

For every $100 or £100 deposited in a Bank’s deposit account, they are allowed to lend out the vast majority of that money.  Of course when interest rates are low, and the markets stable, they tend to lend out a bigger percentage – as much as 95% of the money, than otherwise, and that money lent, gets deposited in another bank, which gets lent out again and again. As interest rates begin to rise Banks need to carry more capital as some of their loans turn bad. This is why in recent months, the ECB and BoE have required their banks to increase their capital base, and this led Barclays to ask its shareholders to stump up some new cash last year.

It is also why Lloyds-TSB, and RBS needed rescuing by the British tax-payer, and Northern Rock suffered the ignominy of seeing its depositors standing outside its doors trying to get their money out before the Bank went under.  It’s also why Cyprus had to rob its citizens of their cash held in their nation’s bank vaults… Rumours abound that other banks within the UK are far from over this recent turmoil, and in fact may be in a worse situation.

Money in bank vaults is secured by deposit insurance, but only up to a point. So if you have just won a sum on the lottery, sold your old uncle’s E-type Jaguar or old Ferrari, and one or two of his Gainsboroughs, Picassos, Rembrandts, Renoirs, or even Hockneys, then you would be wise, to ensure you don’t have more then £85,000 in one bank or branch.

Of course if you hold your wealth in Gold and/or Silver, the storage fees might be burdensome, but at least you might get your money back – assuming the government doesn’t do what President Roosevelt did in 1932, and make the holding of Gold illegal once again. (Silver was added to the prohibited list in January 1934)

So how is the Fed trying to tackle this world wide saving spree?

By conjuring up money out of thin air to lend to the banks at below inflation rates, it does two things: First it is a low cost way of re-capitalizing the banks, who can lend it to the government at slightly better rates (1% on a few billion is not bad for just parking your money)

But second, this cheap money has also rescued the collapsing equity markets, and driven them to new highs in America. The UK, FT100, which has a higher proportion of Gold and Silver miners has suffered in the retrenchment of the commodities space. But all this new money will one day have to be paid back by hard-pressed tax-payers.

During the 1970s, taxes were higher, and incoming Chancellor of the Exchequer – Denis Healey famously said in 1974 that he would “Tax the rich until the pips squeaked” Just 2 years later, he had to suffer the embarrassment of being re-called from his holiday near the mediterrannean sea to deal with a currency crisis, and later call in the IMF to bail out this once proud nation. Britain was reduced to the begging bowl to fund its government spending.

Thus began monetarism in Britain, which ultimately led to the “Winter of Discontent” in which the unions attempted to force through wage rises not earned by being more efficient, and the next year Margaret Thatcher was elected in May 1979, vowing to “Get Britain working” again.

The Debt in Britain, which grew steadily during the early New Labour years, ballooned as the taxes from lax Banking regulation, and Tech industry arrived, and then subsequently disappeared forcing Gordon Brown to move the goalposts, inducing sole-traders to register as Corporations, on the pretext of a 10% base tax-rate, before reversing it the following year, snapping it shut again by doubling the rate once more.

As the manufacturing base shrunk in Britain during the 90s, as more and more of what was once manufactured here, was now bought in – designed in the U.S., and manufactured in China and the Far-East, Japan had stagnated for 20 years as their debt  which ballooned during the 80s weighed heavy on their economy, and its population aged.

Britain’s aging population also began retiring in earnest at the start of the millennium, and the tax base shrank even further. More and more of the working age population are now retiring, collecting their pensions, and reducing the tax take of the Government.

Britain’s Woes

Britain’s national debt is now believed to be close to £1.4 TRILLION. (1,400,000,000 British Pounds Sterling)

Which brings me to the name of Britain’s money. Back in the dim and distant past, Britain’s currency was literally – a pound weight of Sterling Silver. (.925 under the millesimal fineness system) and the British Golden Guinea, was a one ounce Gold coin – James Bond used some of them in one of the early Bond films.

Imagine for a moment owing 1,400,000,000 pounds of Sterling Silver... The world wide production of silver is about 700 million troy ounces of silver. That means the British people would owe the equivalent of  29.19 years of the global annual production of Silver to these Bankers

So who are these Bankers?

Think, Goldman-Sachs, JP Morgan, Deutsche Bank, Warburgs, and Barclays; think Rockefeller, Rothschild, and others of the wealthy banking elite who now hold court over Governments at Davos in the World Economic Forum you see on Bloomberg every January. And why are many of these meetings held in secret? Perhaps because they wouldn’t like the sheeple – that’s US – from knowing what gets discussed there.

The additional paper notes (currency) bid up all kinds of prices, and this is where the Tug of War comes in. Depending on the rate at which these notes are printed, or produced electronically these days, this will determine the rate of “Price Inflation”and the point when the deflation spills over into inflation is unpredictable.

Deflation first… Inflation later.

I expect that in the short term, inflation will be modest or negative over the next year or so, as the number of baby-boomers retiring increases, but by 2017, or 2018, this will change as retirers peak. That will be the critical juncture in my opinion.

The money that has been pushed into the system since 2009, will leak into the wider economy, and begin to increase prices, and employees will probably begin fighting for wage increases as the current inflation rates calculated by the CPI method, hides the real inflation rate for most ordinary citizens.

By understating the effect of inflation on incomes and food and other essentials such as petrol, you postpone the backlash, but it will come.

Unfortunately, if you have to go to work in your own vehicle these days, the price of fuel is a major factor, and not one you can easily avoid. This will probably mean that the price of gold and silver will remain in the doldrums, rising gently until China notifies us of its intentions to hold 10,000 tonnes (or tells us it’s achieved it), and/or inflation gets to 5% as measured by the CPI numbers.

If you love movies, there’s films produced by Mike Maloney, of GoldSilver.Com,  who after his mother lost her former husbands savings, took up the role as her financial adviser, and built a business around it. He now educates the people around the world about money, and acts as a global advocate for precious metals backed currencies.

The outcome of this global experiment will be messy. If the world’s Central Banks continue to inflate the money supply, the outcome is a given.  The Weimar Republic and Austria, in the post World War 1 world, tried this experiment, and Zimbabwe in recent years tried it too with the Zimbabwean Dollar, which in one of the Mike Maloney videos, Mike gives away hundreds of millions of Zimbabwean dollars to the participants in his lecture.

In the book – “When Money Dies: The Nightmare of the Weimar Collapse.” by Adam Fergusson, the author examines the economy in Germany and Austria in the post WW1 period, and by way of analysis looked at the price of eggs.  The price of just one egg in 1923, would have bought 500 Billion eggs in 1913 – That’s inflation.

I’m not saying that will happen, but something approaching it might.

In Britain in 1973/74, inflation raged at 26.9%, and the lights went out as Coal miners, and Power station workers went on strike for higher pay, against a background of rampant inflation. Edward Heath went to the polls in February 1974, and asked – “Who governs Britain?”, and the electorate said – “Not you!”.

If you are saving for your retirement, then some Silver or Gold or other hard assets are a must.  If you want to read in a little more depth about the above, you can still get a FREE copy of  “The Coming Battle”   from the web page linked to.

Mike Maloney can be found on YouTube.com and has probably a dozen videos, which tells the story of the world’s money since the time of the Babylonians, and how you can protect yourselves.

Because Gold and Silver are both money and commodities, they are useful as money, and have been for more than 5,000 years.  If, or rather WHEN, inflation takes off, the price of both will rise exponentially.

W.